PMID: 42540Dec 1, 1979

Crystallization and properties of cathepsin B from rat liver

European Journal of Biochemistry


Cathepsin B from rat liver was purified to apparent homogeneity by cell-fractionation, freezing and thawing, acetone treatment, gel filtration, DEAE-Sephadex and CM-Sephadex column chromatography, and was crystallized. The purified enzyme formed spindle-shaped crystals and its homogeneity was proved by disc gel electrophoresis in the presence of sodium dodecyl sulfate and by ultracentrifugal analysis. Its s20,w value was 2.8 S and its relative molecular mass was calculated to be 22,500 (+/- 900) by sedimentation equilibrium analysis. Crystalline cathepsin B was shown to consist of four isozymes with isoelectric points between pH 4.9 and 5.3, the main isozyme having an isoelectric point of pH 5.0. The enzyme was irreversibly inactivated by exposure to weak alkali. The pH optimum was 6.0 with alpha-N-benzoyl-DL-arginine-4-nitroanilide as substrate. Amino acid analysis showed that the enzyme contained hexosamine, glucosamine and galactosamine. Cathepsin B inactivated aldolase, glucokinase, apo-ornithine aminotransferase, and apo-cystathionase, but the rates of inactivation of glucokinase, apo-ornithine aminotransferase, and apocystathionase were lower than that of aldolase. Studies by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis in the pres...Continue Reading


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