Culicoides biting midges: their role as arbovirus vectors

Annual Review of Entomology
P S MellorM Baylis

Abstract

Culicoides biting midges are among the most abundant of haematophagous insects, and occur throughout most of the inhabited world. Across this broad range they transmit a great number of assorted pathogens of human, and domestic and wild animals, but it is as vectors of arboviruses, and particularly arboviruses of domestic livestock, that they achieve their prime importance. To date, more than 50 such viruses have been isolated from Culicoides spp. and some of these cause diseases of such international significance that they have been allocated Office International des Epizooties (OIE) List A status. Culicoides are world players in the epidemiology of many important arboviral diseases. In this context this paper deals with those aspects of midge biology facilitating disease transmission, describes the factors controlling insect-virus interactions at the individual insect and population level, and illustrates the far-reaching effects that certain components of climate have upon the midges and, hence, transmission potential.

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Citations

Jul 27, 2010·Journal of Comparative Physiology. A, Neuroethology, Sensory, Neural, and Behavioral Physiology·Giorgia SollaiAnna Liscia
Dec 17, 2008·Parasitology Research·Anthony Wilson, Philip Mellor
Dec 17, 2008·Parasitology Research·Heinz MehlhornGünter Schmahl
Apr 3, 2009·Parasitology Research·Bettina VorsprachGünter A Schaub
Oct 23, 2010·Parasitology Research·Camille NinioJerome Depaquit
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Oct 25, 2013·Animal Health Research Reviews·Matthew Baylis
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Jul 12, 2002·Medical and Veterinary Entomology·E J WittmannM Baylis
Jun 11, 2010·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Sonja Hall-MendelinAndrew F van den Hurk
Jun 24, 2011·Journal of the Royal Society, Interface·Helene GuisMatthew Baylis
Aug 19, 2009·Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences·Anthony J Wilson, Philip S Mellor
Feb 10, 2009·Transboundary and Emerging Diseases·E MérocK Mintiens
Jun 12, 2010·Transboundary and Emerging Diseases·A GuercioA Torina
May 18, 2012·Journal of Virology·Violeta ManoleSarah J Butcher
May 10, 2013·Journal of Virology·Emilie ChauveauDamien Vitour
Dec 28, 2012·Journal of Virology·Esther SchnettlerAlain Kohl

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