Cultured epidermal autograft and the treatment of the massive burn injury
The Journal of Burn Care & Rehabilitation
L R HaithW T Goldman
As a rule, adult and pediatric patients with thermal injuries that involve more than 90% total body surface area (TBSA) burn have poor prognoses. Even for patients who are 5 to 34 years old with a 70% TBSA burn, the mortality rate is 80%. Lack of autologous donor skin, which is essential for permanent wound closure, is the major problem. Recent advances in growth of cultured epidermal autograft (CEA) have allowed closure of full- and partial-thickness burns; in approximately 3 weeks, a 2 cm2 biopsy specimen will produce enough CEA to cover a pediatric patient. Since 1989, we have used this product on nine patients; the average age was 39, and the average TBSA burn was 70% (range, 44% to 93%). We report our approach to use of CEA in six of these patients, including topical applications of 1% silver sulfadiazine and excision of full- and deep partial-thickness wounds within 2 weeks of injury. Temporary closure was achieved with cadaver allograft. "Take" of the allograft forecasted take of CEA. The total operative time of CEA placement was decreased by a two-step technique that obviates repeating debridement: the technique consists of debriding and grafting with allograft, then removing it at the time of CEA placement. CEA take is...Continue Reading
Allogenic therapies are generated in large batches from unrelated donor tissues such as bone marrow. In contrast, autologous therapies are manufactures as a single lot from the patient being treated. Here is the latest research on allogenic and autologous therapies.