May 1, 1989

Cultured human keratinocytes: discrimination of different cell cycle compartments based upon measurement of nuclear RNA or total cellular RNA content

Cell and Tissue Kinetics
L Staiano-CoicoC K McMahon

Abstract

Correlated measurements of total cellular RNA and DNA of cultured human keratinocytes by flow cytometry, followed by multivariate analysis, discriminate three distinct subpopulations of cells differing in RNA content. The first subpopulation is comprised of small cells resembling basal cells of epidermis, with low RNA content and long (100-300 h) generation times. The second subpopulation consists of keratinocytes resembling cells in the spinous layer of epidermis, characterized by increased RNA content and shorter (35-40 h) generation times. The third subpopulation consists of the largest, keratinohyalin-containing cells which remain in G1 and undergo terminal differentiation. In contrast to total cellular RNA, correlated measurements of DNA and nuclear RNA reveal that: (1) entrance of all cultured cells from G1 into S phase occurs only after accumulation of the same, threshold amount of nuclear RNA; hence there is only a single population of S + G2 + M-phase cells; (2) there are two distinct subpopulations in G1, one with minimal nuclear RNA content and another with increased RNA. Stathmokinetic experiments indicate that the G1-phase cells with low nuclear RNA have distinctly longer residence times in G1 compared to cells wit...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Flow Cytometry
Keratinocyte
C.I. Basic Orange 14
Cell Nucleus
Cell Differentiation Process
Cell Compartmentation
Terminal Differentiation
Cell Division Phases
Cell Cycle
Demecolcine, (+-)-Isomer

About this Paper

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

LRRK2 & Immunity During Infection

Mutations in the LRRK2 gene are a risk-factor for developing Parkinson’s disease. However, LRRK2 has been shown to function as a central regulator of vesicular trafficking, infection, immunity, and inflammation. Here is the latest research on the role of this kinase on immunity during infection.

Antiphospholipid Syndrome

Antiphospholipid syndrome or antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS or APLS), is an autoimmune, hypercoagulable state caused by the presence of antibodies directed against phospholipids.

Meningococcal Myelitis

Meningococcal myelitis is characterized by inflammation and myelin damage to the meninges and spinal cord. Discover the latest research on meningococcal myelitis here.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease by recent genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research.