Curcumin suppresses oxidative stress via regulation of ROS/NF-κB signaling pathway to protect retinal vascular endothelial cell in diabetic retinopathy

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Jiang HuangWeifeng Luo

Abstract

Background: Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is one of the most serious complications of diabetes mellitus and a leading blindness disease in the world. The retinal vascular endothelial cells can be damaged by oxidative stress even in the early stage of diabetic retinopathy. NF-κB is a key transcription factor in cell apoptosis and oxidative stress. Curcumin can relieve oxidative stress induced by high glucose. This study aimed to investigate the effect of curcumin on the rat retinal vascular endothelial cells (RRVECs) in DR and to deduce the possible molecular mechanism. Methods: The cultured RRVECs were identified by both of vWF and CD31 expression.The RRVECs were divided into four groups: the normal control group, the osmolarity control group, the high glucose group and the curcumin treatment group (High glucose +Curcumin). We observed the different morphological changes in the groups by transmission electron microscopy. Oxidative stress was detected by flow cytometry. The Activation of ROS/NF-κB signal pathway was detected by electrophoretic Mobility Shift Assay (EMSA), immunohistochemistry and western-blot; the apoptosis of RRVECs was tested by flow cytometry. Results: We found that curcumin reduced the reactive oxygen species (R...Continue Reading

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Apoptosis

Apoptosis is a specific process that leads to programmed cell death through the activation of an evolutionary conserved intracellular pathway leading to pathognomic cellular changes distinct from cellular necrosis