Cure and care of neurosis. I. Cure

Psychological Medicine
I M Marks

Abstract

Behavioural psychotherapy has long historical roots. Recently it has led to effective treatment for selected neuroses, including phobic, obsessive-compulsive and sexual disorders. Potent therapy has become a tool of experimental psychopathology which advances theory and practice. A pervasive principle is exposure of the patient to those stimuli which evoke his discomfort until this subsides. Level of arousal during exposure does not affect outcome. Theoretical issues are reviewed which decide when exposure will be sensitizing or habituating. Both psychoanalytical and conditioning models of neurosis are out of date, and models derived more directly from clinical experiment are becoming possible. The aetiology of phobias and rituals can be seen as failed extinction rather than enhanced acquisition. Relevant phylogenetic and biological factors are discussed. At the other extreme, well-documented faith-healing indicates huge gaps in our knowledge of psychotherapy.

References

Jun 1, 1985·L' Infirmière canadienne·J M Pyke, M Longdon
Dec 15, 1979·British Medical Journal·M Shepherd
Mar 1, 1990·Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines·M F FlamentM Lenane
Feb 1, 1979·Psychological Medicine·D P Goldberg, V F Hillier
Nov 1, 1980·The British Journal of Psychiatry : the Journal of Mental Science·M Munby, D W Johnston
Aug 1, 1982·Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne De Psychiatrie·M S Rapp, M R Thomas
Apr 1, 1981·Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne De Psychiatrie·P Parenteau, Y Lamontagne
Mar 1, 1983·Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne De Psychiatrie·M S RappE C Reyes

Citations

Oct 1, 1976·The British Journal of Psychiatry : the Journal of Mental Science·D W JohnstonM G Gelder
Jan 1, 1976·Behaviour Research and Therapy·A M MathewsP Shaw
Mar 1, 1977·Journal of Personality and Social Psychology·A BanduraJ Beyer
Mar 1, 1978·Archives of General Psychiatry·C M ZitrinM G Woerner
Nov 1, 1978·The British Journal of Psychiatry : the Journal of Mental Science·I M Marks
Oct 1, 1975·The British Journal of Psychiatry : the Journal of Mental Science·I M MarksS Rachman
Mar 1, 1978·Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health·R M Acheson
Dec 1, 1977·Archives of General Psychiatry·B Raphael
Jul 1, 1978·Clinics in Endocrinology and Metabolism·V Marks
Nov 30, 1977·Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences·A J Stunkard
Apr 1, 1979·The British Journal of Psychiatry : the Journal of Mental Science·P M Emmelkamp, A C Kuipers
Aug 1, 1979·Archives of General Psychiatry·D H BarlowE B Blanchard
Mar 1, 1979·Archives of Sexual Behavior·W C Lobitz, E L Baker
Aug 1, 1979·The Journal of Cell Biology·R Hand, J R Gautschi
Oct 1, 1979·The British Journal of Psychiatry : the Journal of Mental Science·J BirdP Lindley
Dec 1, 1977·The British Journal of Psychiatry : the Journal of Mental Science·I R FalloonI M Marks
May 1, 1978·The British Journal of Psychiatry : the Journal of Mental Science·A R Arthur
Jun 1, 1978·Psychological Reports·A Markle, R C Rinn
Nov 11, 1978·British Medical Journal
Nov 1, 1978·Archives of Sexual Behavior·J S GoldenW C Lobitz
Dec 1, 1976·The British Journal of Psychiatry : the Journal of Mental Science·B Blackwell
Jan 1, 1977·Behaviour Research and Therapy·P De SilvaM E Seligman
Feb 1, 1977·The British Journal of Psychiatry : the Journal of Mental Science·J D TeasdaleA M Mathews
May 1, 1977·Australian Family Physician·M W Reid, H M Sandford
Sep 1, 1977·The British Journal of Psychiatry : the Journal of Mental Science·L Eisenberg
Sep 1, 1977·Archives of Sexual Behavior·D H BarlowE B Blanchard
Jan 1, 1976·The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease·C K CohnJ P Brady
Jan 1, 1976·Behaviour Research and Therapy·A D RabavilasC Stefanis
Nov 1, 1976·Experimental Neurology·H Sershen, A Lajtha
Jun 1, 1976·British Journal of Preventive & Social Medicine·T McKeown, R G Record
Jan 1, 1976·Behaviour Research and Therapy·S RachmanG Röper
Mar 1, 1975·The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry·S Catts, N McConaghy
Feb 1, 1975·Behaviour Research and Therapy·P M Emmelkamp, H Wessels
Apr 12, 1975·British Medical Journal·R S Stern

Related Concepts

Reversible Inhibitors of Monoamine Oxidase
Nervousness
Vigilance, Cortical
Fantasy
Relaxation Techniques
Neurotic Disorders
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
Fear (Mental Process)
Etiology
Phylogeny

Related Feeds

Anxiety Disorders

Discover the latest research on anxiety disorders including agoraphobia, panic disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and post-traumatic stress disorder here.

Related Papers

Hospital & Community Psychiatry
J L Black, B K Bruce
British Journal of Hospital Medicine
D Veale
Behaviour Research and Therapy
Michelle G CraskeAaron Baker
© 2020 Meta ULC. All rights reserved