Current characteristics and management of congenital esophageal stenosis: 40 consecutive cases from a multicenter study in the Kyushu area of Japan

Pediatric Surgery International
Masaya SuzuhigashiSatoshi Ieiri

Abstract

Congenital esophageal stenosis (CES) is rare, and the available clinical data are limited. We explored the current diagnosis, treatment and outcomes of CES. A questionnaire survey was performed using medical records at pediatric surgical centers in the Kyushu area. Over 10 years, 40 patients (24 males) had CES. The incidence of associated anomalies was 52.5% (21/40), and that of esophageal atresia was 20.0% (8/40). The mean age at the diagnosis was 12.0 months (range, 1 day-8.8 years). Seven (17.5%) patients were diagnosed in the neonatal period. Ten (25.0%) developed CES due to tracheobronchial remnants, 27 (67.5%) due to fibromuscular stenosis (FMS) and 1 (2.5%) due to membranous stenosis + FMS. Thirty-six (90.0%) were treated by balloon dilatation (mean, 3 times; range, 1-20). Perforation at dilatation occurred in 7 (17.5%) patients, and all were diagnosed with FMS. Eighteen (45.0%) patients underwent radical operation (3 primary, 15 secondary to dilatation). Our study clarified the characteristics and outcomes of CES, including neonatal diagnoses. CES occurred in 1 in every 33,000 births in the Kyushu area. Careful attention should be paid, even in cases of dilatation for FMS. CES requires long-term follow-up for symptom pe...Continue Reading

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Citations

Jun 27, 2019·The Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery·Yuhao Wu, Chun Wu
Sep 19, 2019·The New England Journal of Medicine·Carlo Di LorenzoRicard Masia

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