CURRENT STATE OF RESEARCH AND OPERATION GEOTHERMAL HEAT SUPPLY SYSTEMS IN DAGESTAN

V.A. ButuzovG.B. Badavov

Abstract

Дагестан в России занимает первое место по разведанным запасам геотермальных вод и второе после Камчатки по их добыче. На 13 разведанных месторождениях пробурено 141 геотермальная скважина, из которых 4 эксплуатируется с 48 скважинами. Отмечено, что в Дагестане пробурены самые глубокие геотермальные скважины – 5500 м с дебитами до 7000 м3/сутки, а максимальная добыча геотермальной воды была достигнута в 1988 г – 9,4 млн. м3 в год. Анализируются достижения дагестанской геотермальной научной школы. Преемником академической геотермии Дагестана в настоящее время является Институт проблем геотермии и возобновляемой энергетики ОИВТ РАН. Описаны производственные структуры по бурению и эксплуатации геотермальных месторождений. Наибольшие успехи геотермии в СССР связаны с деятельностью НПО «Союзбургеотермия» (г. Махачкала) и его шестью региональными управлениями. Максимальная добыча геотермальной воды в СССР была в 1988 г. – 60 млн. м3. Геотермальные ресурсы Дагестана определяются тремя основными структурно-гидрогеологическими этажами [4]: плиоценовым, миоценовым и мезозойским, изолированными друг от друга пластами глин. Анализ добычи геотермальной воды с 1966-2019 гг. (55 лет) показал, что с 1997 г он изменялся от 3500 до 4500 тыс. м3 ...Continue Reading

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