Current status of the Myriapod class diplopoda (millipedes): taxonomic diversity and phylogeny

Annual Review of Entomology
Petra Sierwald, Jason E Bond

Abstract

The arthropod class Diplopoda, the millipedes, ranks among the most diverse groups of terrestrial organisms, with over 12,000 species described. Although they play an important ecological role in most terrestrial ecosystems, little is known about the group's diversity, morphology, and phylogeny compared with other arthropod groups. We review diplopod natural history and discuss the historical and current literature pertaining to millipede morphology, ecology, chemical defenses, and the paleontological record of the group's ancient history. Diplopod systematics, past and present, are reviewed with a focus on taxonomy, collections, and biogeography. The phylogenetics of the class is reviewed, with particular attention on diplopod placement within the Myriapoda and emphasis on recent advances using molecular approaches to phylogenetic reconstruction. We present (a) the first combined morphological and molecular analysis of the millipede orders, and (b) a list of critically evaluated characteristics of nominal clades identifying putative apomorphies.

References

Dec 12, 1979·The Journal of Membrane Biology·W Nagel
Apr 6, 1985·British Dental Journal·R L Caplin
Oct 1, 1993·Journal of Natural Products·A B AttygalleT Eisner
Oct 1, 1996·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·T EisnerM Deyrup
Apr 1, 1997·Die Naturwissenschaften·L A WilliamsL S Caleb-Williams
Mar 14, 1998·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·L MargulisS C Lo
Feb 9, 2000·Die Naturwissenschaften·R Deml, A Huth
Mar 22, 2000·Biochemical Systematics and Ecology·W F WoodP Crews
Sep 10, 2002·Die Naturwissenschaften·Yasumasa KuwaharaTsutomu Tanabe
Aug 13, 2003·Bioinformatics·Fredrik Ronquist, John P Huelsenbeck
Jul 21, 2004·Journal of Chemical Ecology·Thomas SchmittK Eduard Linsenmair
Jul 28, 2004·Development Genes and Evolution·Diana Kadner, Angelika Stollewerk
Dec 8, 2004·Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution·Jerome C RegierJeffrey W Shultz
Jan 27, 2005·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Stephan Hättenschwiler, Patrick Gasser
Aug 10, 2005·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Valerie C ClarkBrian L Fisher
Feb 1, 1984·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·J E Carrel, T Eisner
Jun 9, 2006·Nature·Paul E Marek, Jason E Bond

❮ Previous
Next ❯

Citations

Apr 24, 2010·Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society·Jean-François David, Ira Tanya Handa
Nov 12, 2013·Arthropod Structure & Development·Andy Sombke, Alfred Ernst
Oct 6, 2011·Die Naturwissenschaften·Thomas WesenerDidier van den Spiegel
Apr 19, 2011·Clinical Toxicology : the Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Toxicology and European Association of Poisons Centres and Clinical Toxicologists·Eduardo Mello De CapitaniAdriana C Camargo
Dec 1, 2009·Arthropod Structure & Development·William A Shear, Gregory D Edgecombe
May 27, 2008·Arthropod Structure & Development·Uwe Homberg
Apr 11, 2012·Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution·Janine M Wojcieszek, Leigh W Simmons
Mar 8, 2013·Ecology and Evolution·Janine M Wojcieszek, Leigh W Simmons
Feb 14, 2014·The FEBS Journal·Christian PickThorsten Burmester
Aug 12, 2015·ZooKeys·Spyros Sfenthourakis, Stefano Taiti
Nov 26, 2013·Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution·Piyatida PimvichaiSomsak Panha
Jan 15, 2011·Arthropod Structure & Development·Miguel Domínguez Camacho
Jul 20, 2014·Arthropod Structure & Development·A SosinkaI Poprawa
Aug 28, 2014·PloS One·Francisco RiquelmeLuis Zúñiga-Mijangos
May 28, 2014·Revista Da Sociedade Brasileira De Medicina Tropical·Augusto Scardazan Heeren NetoGustavo Martins
Feb 18, 2018·Scientific Reports·Juanita RodriguezJason E Bond
Nov 2, 2019·Frontiers in Zoology·Tim M DederichsPeter Michalik
May 3, 2019·Biodiversity Data Journal·Michael HilgertThomas Wesener
Apr 25, 2021·Journal of Proteomics·Paula J Segura-RamírezPedro I Silva Junior
Aug 20, 2021·Frontiers in Microbiology·Constanza SchapheerRosa Scherson

❮ Previous
Next ❯

Methods Mentioned

BETA
scanning electron microscopy

Software Mentioned

contype
MrBayes
Tracer

Related Concepts

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Blastomycosis

Blastomycosis fungal infections spread through inhaling Blastomyces dermatitidis spores. Discover the latest research on blastomycosis fungal infections here.

Nuclear Pore Complex in ALS/FTD

Alterations in nucleocytoplasmic transport, controlled by the nuclear pore complex, may be involved in the pathomechanism underlying multiple neurodegenerative diseases including Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Dementia. Here is the latest research on the nuclear pore complex in ALS and FTD.

Applications of Molecular Barcoding

The concept of molecular barcoding is that each original DNA or RNA molecule is attached to a unique sequence barcode. Sequence reads having different barcodes represent different original molecules, while sequence reads having the same barcode are results of PCR duplication from one original molecule. Discover the latest research on molecular barcoding here.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Evolution of Pluripotency

Pluripotency refers to the ability of a cell to develop into three primary germ cell layers of the embryo. This feed focuses on the mechanisms that underlie the evolution of pluripotency. Here is the latest research.

Position Effect Variegation

Position Effect Variagation occurs when a gene is inactivated due to its positioning near heterochromatic regions within a chromosome. Discover the latest research on Position Effect Variagation here.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

Microbicide

Microbicides are products that can be applied to vaginal or rectal mucosal surfaces with the goal of preventing, or at least significantly reducing, the transmission of sexually transmitted infections. Here is the latest research on microbicides.