Cyclic adenosine 3',5'-monophosphate inhibits the availability of arachidonate to prostaglandin synthetase in human platelet suspensions

The Journal of Clinical Investigation
M MinkesP W Majerus


When thrombin is added to washed human platelets, one of its actions results in activation of a phospholipase that hydrolyzes arachidonic acid from phospholipids. The arachidonate is converted to the cyclic endoperoxides (prostaglandin G2 and prostaglandin H2) by fatty acid cyclo-oxygenase. These compounds are then converted to thromboxane A2, also called rabbit aorta-contracting substance, by thromboxane synthetase. These labile, pharmacologically active compounds then break down to inactive products including thromboxane B2 and malonaldehyde. Incubation of platelets with either dibutyryl cyclic adenosine 3',5'-monophosphate (dBcAMP) or prostaglandin E1 (PGE1) before thrombin addition blocks the subsequent formation of oxygenated products of arachidonic acid including thromboxane A2, thromboxane B2, and malonaldehyde. In contrast, when arachidonic acid is added directly to platelets, prior incubation with dBcAMP or PGE1 does not inhibit production of the prostaglandins or their metabolites. Thrombin treatment of platelets also blocks the acetylation of cyclo-oxygenase by aspirin since the hydrolyzed arachidonic acid competes with aspirin for the active site on cyclo-oxygenase. Prior treatment of platelets with dBcAMP or PGE1 r...Continue Reading


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