Jan 1, 1975

Cyclic AMP-dependent endogenous phosphorylation of a microtubule-associated protein

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
R D SlobodaP Greengard

Abstract

Microtubules prepared from chick brain homogenates by successive cycles of assembly-disassembly were found to contain two high-molecular-weight proteins, designated microtubule-associated protein1 and microtubule-associated protein2. Microtubule-associated protein2 (apparent molecular weight 300,000 by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis) was the preferred substrate for an endogenous cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinase which appeared to be an integral component of the microtubules. The initial rate of phosphorylation of microtubule-associated protein2 was enhanced 4- to 6-fold by cyclic AMP, with half-maximal stimulation occurring at 2 times 10-7 M cyclic AMP. Under optimal conditions, a total of 1.0 and 1.9 mol of phosphate was incorporated per mole of microtubule-associated protein2, in the absence and presence of cyclic AMP, respectively. Cyclic AMP also stimulated the phosphorylation of tubulin, but the rate of phosphate incorporation per mol of tubulin was only 0.15% that of microtubule-associated protein2. The data raise the possibility that the cyclic AMP-dependent phosphorylation of microtubule-associated protein 2 may play a role in microtubule assembly or function.

  • References16
  • Citations346

References

  • References16
  • Citations346

Citations

Mentioned in this Paper

SDS-PAGE
Brain
MAP2
Microtubules
Cyclic AMP, (R)-Isomer
Protein KINASE
Irium
Orthophosphate
Nerve Tissue Proteins
Phosphorus Radioisotopes

About this Paper

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