Cyclic nucleotides and the regulation of canine gastric acid secretion

Digestive Diseases and Sciences
D ThurstonD E Wilson

Abstract

The response of the cyclic nucleotide system (cAMP, cGMP, adenylate cyclase, guanylate cyclase, and specific phosphodiesterases) to two gastric acid secretagogues, histamine and acetylcholine, and two secretory inhibitors, prostaglandin E2 and secretin, was studied in vivo and in vitro in canine gastric fundic mucosa. Histamine and acetylcholine in vivo failed to stimulate cAMP but significantly increased cGMP; in vitro they affected neither adenylate cyclase nor guanylate cyclase. Prostaglandin E2 and secretin, however, increased cAMP in vivo and significantly stimulated adenylate cyclase in vitro. Specific phosphodiesterases were unaffected by these compounds. The changes, while not specifically localized to the acid-producing cells, are consistent with the suggestion that the control of canine gastric acid secretion may be mediated by changes in mucosal cAMP and cGMP.

References

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Related Concepts

Gastric Juice
Mucositis
Phosphoric diester hydrolase
Structure of Pyloric Gland
Secrepan
Cyclic AMP, (R)-Isomer
Guanylate Cyclase
Stomach Diseases
NPR1
Cyclic GMP

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