PMID: 2043048Jan 1, 1991Paper

Cyclophosphamide metabolism in the primary immune organs of the chick: assays of drug activation, P450 expression, and aldehyde dehydrogenase

Archives of Toxicology
R R MisraS E Bloom


Several diagnostic catalytic assays were used to determine whether organ-specific metabolic activation or detoxification of cyclophosphamide (CP) contributes to the selective toxicity of CP directed towards differentiating B cells as compared to T cells in the developing chicken. An assay for the alkylation of 4-[p-nitrobenzyl] pyridine (NBP) was used to assess comparative levels of CP activation products generated from microsomal preparations from liver, bursa of Fabricius (B cells), and thymus (T cells) of day-old chicks. Three catalytic assays were used to characterize and compare cytochrome P450-associated enzyme activities in neonatal hepatic and lymphoid tissues. Aldrin epoxidase (AE) was used to detect phenobarbital (PB)-inducible P450 activity. Ethoxyresorufin-O-deethylase (EROD) and aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase (AHH) were used for the evaluation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH)-inducible P450 activities in control and PB- or 3,3',4,4'-tetrachlorobiphenyl (TCB)-induced animals. Using the NBP assay, basal and PB-induced CP activation were observed using chick liver microsomes. However, no evidence of CP activation from immune organ microsomes was observed in control, PB-, or TCB-induced chicks. Basal and PB-induc...Continue Reading


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