PMID: 8563719Oct 1, 1995

Cyclosporine effects on in vitro responsiveness of anterior pituitary hormone release to dopamine and thyrotropin-releasing hormone in young female rats

Journal of Neuroendocrinology
M L MorenoA I Esquifino


Endocrine side effects of the immunosuppressive drug cyclosporine (CyA) include changes in anterior pituitary hormone secretion. The aim of the present study was to examine the effects of CyA on the responsiveness of in situ and ectopic anterior pituitary prolactin (PRL), growth hormone (GH) and luteinizing hormone (LH) release response to dopamine (DA) and thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH) treatment in young female rats, and to evaluate the possible PRL participation in these effects. Thirty day old rats were rendered hyperprolactinemic by transplanting an anterior pituitary gland of a littermate donor, under the kidney capsule, and were then injected with CyA or vehicle for 2 or 8 days. Sham-operated rats were used as controls and treated in the same way. CyA treatment prevented the increase in plasma PRL levels which occurred in controls after pituitary grafting. In vitro basal PRL release of in situ pituitaries from either sham-operated and/or pituitary-grafted animals was decreased by CyA treatment at any point studied. Basal in vitro secretion of GH was only decreased in the in situ pituitaries from grafted animals after 2 days of CyA therapy. The presence of an ectopic pituitary lead to an increase in the in vitro basa...Continue Reading


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Related Concepts

Pituitary Gland, Anterior
Pituitary Hormones, Anterior
Recombinant Growth Hormone
Proterelin Tartrate Hydrate
Rats, Wistar

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