May 15, 2002

Cysteine synthase of an extremely thermophilic bacterium, Thermus thermophilus HB8

Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry
Yasuko MizunoTsuyoshi Akamatsu


O-Acetyl-L-serine sulfhydrylase (EC was first purified from an extremely thermophilic bacterium, Thermus thermophilus HB8, in order to ascertain that it is responsible for the cysteine synthesis in this organism cultured with either sulfate or methionine given as a sole sulfur source. Polyacrylamide gel electrophoreses both with and without SDS found high purity of the enzyme preparations finally obtained, through ammonium sulfate fractionation, ion exchange chromatography, gel filtration, and hydrophobic chromatography (or affinity chromatography). The enzyme activity formed only one elution curve in each of the four different chromatographies, strongly suggesting the presence of only one enzyme species in this organism. Molecular masses of 34,000 and 68,000 were estimated for dissociated subunit and the native enzyme, respectively, suggesting a homodimeric structure. The enzyme was stable at 70 degrees C at pH 7.8 for 60 min, and more than 90% of the activity was retained after incubation of its solution at 80 degrees C with 10 mm dithiothreitol. The enzyme was also quite stable at pH 8-12 (50 degrees C, 30 min). It had an apparent Km of 4.8 mM for O-acetyl-L-serine (with 1 mM sulfide) and a Vmax of 435 micromol/min...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Bacterial Proteins
Pyridoxal Phosphate
Sulfhydryl Reagents
Physicochemical Phenomena
Thermus thermophilus (bacterium)
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
Cysteine Synthase A

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

LRRK2 & Immunity During Infection

Mutations in the LRRK2 gene are a risk-factor for developing Parkinson’s disease. However, LRRK2 has been shown to function as a central regulator of vesicular trafficking, infection, immunity, and inflammation. Here is the latest research on the role of this kinase on immunity during infection.

Antiphospholipid Syndrome

Antiphospholipid syndrome or antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS or APLS), is an autoimmune, hypercoagulable state caused by the presence of antibodies directed against phospholipids.

Meningococcal Myelitis

Meningococcal myelitis is characterized by inflammation and myelin damage to the meninges and spinal cord. Discover the latest research on meningococcal myelitis here.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease by recent genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research.