Cysticercosis of the fourth ventricle causing sudden death: a case report and review of the literature

Pathology Oncology Research : POR
Tibor HortobágyiSafa Al-Sarraj


A 15 years old girl of African origin was admitted with a history of headaches and a generalised tonic seizure. Her clinical examination including fundoscopy was normal. She claimed she had been assaulted. Within a few hours of her admission she was found dead in her bed during the ward round. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation was unsuccessful. At post-mortem, the major organs showed no pathological changes and neck dissection showed no abnormality. Neuropathological examination after formalin fixation revealed a cystic lesion in the fourth ventricle, ependymitis and acute hydrocephalus. Histology showed parts of the parasite Taenia solium and the diagnosis was neurocysticercosis. This case highlights the need for forensic and general pathologists as well as forensic medical examiners and paediatricians to be aware of neurocysticercosis as a possible cause of sudden death in the presence of normal clinical findings and negative autopsy, especially in patients from Asian, African or South American countries. As cysticercosis is the commonest cause of seizures in the developing world, neurocysticercosis needs to be considered as a cause of sudden and unexpected death in any patient with a history of headaches and/or seizures.


Sep 1, 1975·Journal of the Neurological Sciences·L De Souza QueirozL L De Faria
Jan 1, 1988·Scandinavian Journal of Infectious Diseases·G Esberg, E Reske-Nielsen
Jan 1, 1997·Brain Pathology·J E Pittella
Feb 1, 1997·Clinical Infectious Diseases : an Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America·A C White
Aug 27, 1998·Forensic Science International : Synergy·S K VermaG Agarwal
Jan 25, 2000·Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry·D K PalJ W Sander
Jan 23, 2002·The Israel Medical Association Journal : IMAJ·Nirit LevEldad Melamed
Apr 16, 2002·The American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology·Jaime L OeberstJoseph A Prahlow
Oct 5, 2002·Clinical Microbiology Reviews·Hector H GarcíaOscar H Del Brutto
Feb 15, 2003·The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal·Elaine Rosenfeld
May 27, 2003·Archives of Disease in Childhood·K R S Rao, D Lessing
Jun 5, 2003·Acta Tropica·Vedantam RajshekharZhou Xiaonong
Jun 2, 2005·Neurosurgical Focus·Christopher M DeGiorgioFrank Sorvillo
Jul 19, 2005·Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery·Adrian A Jarquin-ValdiviaReid C Thompson
Aug 2, 2005·Epilepsy Currents·Christopher M DeGiorgioSusan Pietsch Escueta
Sep 20, 2005·Seminars in Neurology·Oscar H Del Brutto
Jul 22, 2008·Journal of Clinical Neuroscience : Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia·A D GubbayM Sage

❮ Previous
Next ❯


Aug 8, 2013·PloS One·Lorenzo ZammarchiUNKNOWN COHEMI Project Study Group
Apr 25, 2012·Acta neurologica Belgica·Oscar H Del Brutto
Aug 19, 2017·The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene·Javier A BustosOscar H Del Brutto
Jan 25, 2012·Surgery Today·Wolfgang PumbergerSimon Kargl
Oct 12, 2013·Journal of Clinical Nursing·Seonhyeon BaekSun-Mi Lee
Dec 22, 2010·Expert Review of Anti-infective Therapy·Agnès FleuryTeresa Corona
Jul 10, 2018·Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene·Ewan HunterMike Brown
Sep 16, 2020·Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology·Slobodan NikolićVladimir Živković

❮ Previous
Next ❯

Related Concepts

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.


Blastomycosis fungal infections spread through inhaling Blastomyces dermatitidis spores. Discover the latest research on blastomycosis fungal infections here.

Nuclear Pore Complex in ALS/FTD

Alterations in nucleocytoplasmic transport, controlled by the nuclear pore complex, may be involved in the pathomechanism underlying multiple neurodegenerative diseases including Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Dementia. Here is the latest research on the nuclear pore complex in ALS and FTD.

Applications of Molecular Barcoding

The concept of molecular barcoding is that each original DNA or RNA molecule is attached to a unique sequence barcode. Sequence reads having different barcodes represent different original molecules, while sequence reads having the same barcode are results of PCR duplication from one original molecule. Discover the latest research on molecular barcoding here.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Evolution of Pluripotency

Pluripotency refers to the ability of a cell to develop into three primary germ cell layers of the embryo. This feed focuses on the mechanisms that underlie the evolution of pluripotency. Here is the latest research.

Position Effect Variegation

Position Effect Variagation occurs when a gene is inactivated due to its positioning near heterochromatic regions within a chromosome. Discover the latest research on Position Effect Variagation here.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.


Microbicides are products that can be applied to vaginal or rectal mucosal surfaces with the goal of preventing, or at least significantly reducing, the transmission of sexually transmitted infections. Here is the latest research on microbicides.