Mar 20, 1975

Cytochrome b and photosynthetic sulfur bacteria

Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta
D B Knaff, B B Buchanan

Abstract

Chromatophores isolated from the purple sulfur bacterium Chromatium and the green sulfur bacterium Chlorobium exhibit absorbance changes in the cytochrome alpha-band region consistent with the presence of a b-type cytochrome. Cytochrome content determined by reduced minus oxidized difference spectra and by heme photochemically active bacteriochlorophyll (reaction-center bacteriochlorophyll). The b-type cytochrome in Chromatium has an alpha-band maximum at 560 nm and a midpoint oxidation-reduction potential of -5 mV at pH 8.0. The b-type cytochrome in Chlorobium has an alpha-band maximum at 564 nm and an apparent midpoint oxidation-reduction potential near -90 mV. Chromatophores isolated from both Chromatium and Chlorobium cells catalyze a photoreduction of cytochrome b that is enhanced in the presence of antimycin A. Antimycin A and 2-n-heptyl-4-hydroxyquinoline-N-oxide inhibit endogenous (but not phenazine methosulfate-mediated) cyclic photophosphorylation in Chromatium chromatophores and non-cyclic electron flow from Na-2S to NADP in Chlorobium chromatophores. These observations suggest that b-type cytochromes may function in electron transport reactions in photosynthetic sulfur bacteria.

Mentioned in this Paper

Photophosphorylation
Phenazines
Chromatium
Quinolines
Antimycin A
Electron Transport
Sulfur
Bacterial Chromatophore
Cytochrome B Activity
Oxides

About this Paper

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