PMID: 1330427Oct 1, 1992

Cytochrome b of protozoan mitochondria: relationships between function and structure

Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. B, Comparative Biochemistry
A GhelliM Degli Esposti

Abstract

1. The sensitivity of ubiquinol:cytochrome c reductase to its most powerful inhibitors has been characterized in mitochondria from three ciliate and two trypanosome protozoans and compared with that in mitochondria of animals and plants. 2. Mitochondria of ciliates, particularly those of Tetrahymena pyriformis, are resistant to antimycin. 3. Mitochondria of trypanosomes are quite resistant to stigmatellin, as they exhibit a 40-fold higher titer than that in ciliate or animals mitochondria. 4. Both ciliates and trypanosomes are highly resistant to myxothiazol. 5. Correlations have been drawn between the natural resistance of the protozoan mitochondria to antimycin, stigmatellin and myxothiazol and peculiar features in the structure of their apocytochrome b, on the basis of an accurate alignment of the sequences of this protein.

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Related Concepts

Cytochrome b Group
Mitochondria
Paramecium
Structure-Activity Relationship
Core II Protein, Ubiquinol-Cytochrome c Reductase
Ciliata
Homologous Sequences, Amino Acid

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