Feb 8, 2002

Cytochrome P4501A induction and testosterone hydroxylation in cultured hepatocytes of four fish species

Jean M W SmeetsMartin van den Berg


Primary hepatocytes of the rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss), flounder (Platychthis flesus), dab (Limanda limanda) and lemon sole (Microstomus kitt) were exposed to 3,3'4,4'5 pentachlorobiphenyl (PCB 126) or 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) for two days. This resulted in a dose-dependent induction of cytochrome P4501A (CYP1A) activity, measured as ethoxyresorufin O-deethylase (EROD), or methoxyresorufin O-deethylase (MROD) activity. In all species, a linear relationship was observed between EROD and MROD activities, suggesting that the same CYP1A enzyme metabolizes the two alkoxy-resorufin substrates. Exposures of hepatocytes of flounder or dab to TCDD, resulted in a 59-fold and 8.2-fold induction of EROD activity, respectively. This did not concur with a change in the in vitro testosterone hydroxylation profiles of both species. These and other in vitro data indicate that TCDD exposure does not influence monooxygenase activities involved in testosterone hydroxylation. Furthermore, CYP1A is of minor importance for testosterone hydroxylation in these fish species.

Mentioned in this Paper

Testosterone Measurement
Oncorhynchus mykiss antigen
Flounder antigen
Cytochrome P-450 Oxygenase
Landfill Leachate

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