Jun 6, 1997

Cytokine and growth factor immunohistochemical spinal profiles in two animal models of mononeuropathy

Brain Research
J A DeLeoA J Rickman


Nerve injury leads to central neuroimmunologic responses that may be integral to the development and maintenance of chronic neuropathic pain in humans. Recent data have demonstrated that cytokines and growth factors may be strongly implicated in the generation of pain states at both peripheral and central nervous system sites. We utilized immunohistochemical methods to investigate this phenomenon in rat models of neuropathic pain. Specifically, we employed well-characterized models of neuropathy that result in behaviors suggestive of neuropathic pain in humans; a freeze lesion of the sciatic nerve, termed sciatic cryoneurolysis, and a chronic constriction sciatic nerve injury. We used immunohistochemistry to examine spinal localization of the cytokines, interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta), tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and the growth factors, basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), and transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta) at 3, 14, and 35 days following sciatic cryoneurolysis or 6 days following chronic constriction injury as compared with normal, unoperated rats. There was minimal, diffuse cytokine/growth factor staining in lumbar spinal tissue from the normal group. However, cell profile quantification demonstrated i...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Transforming Growth Factor beta
Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
Structure of Sciatic Nerve
Chronic Disease

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