Cytokines in chronic inflammatory synovitis

Scandinavian Journal of Rheumatology. Supplement
N J Zvaifler, G S Firestein

Abstract

Cytokines likely play a role in the pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis and other chronic inflammatory arthritidies. Recent studies on the cytokine profile of inflammatory synovitis have provided insight into the mechanisms of cellular activation in the inflamed joint. Although gamma interferon has been proposed as a major macrophage activating factor and inducer of class II major histocompatibility antigens in the joint, studies using sensitive and specific immunoassays have shown that the concentration of this lymphokine in synovial fluid is probably not sufficient to account for the high level of HLA-DR expression on Type A synoviocytes and macrophages in the joint. In contrast, GM-CSF has recently been identified in synovial effusions of patients with rheumatoid arthritis and is produced by synovial tissue cells in vitro. Like gamma interferon, GM-CSF is a known macrophage activating factor and induces HLA-DR on cells of macrophage lineage. Furthermore, supernatants of cultured synovial tissue cells contain an HLA-DR inducing factor that is neutralized by specific antibodies to GM-CSF but not by antibodies to gamma interferon. These data suggest that GM-CSF plays a significant role in macrophage activation in the synovium.

References

Feb 1, 1987·Cellular Immunology·G S Firestein, N J Zvaifler
Feb 1, 1987·Arthritis and Rheumatism·P MiossecM Ziff
Jan 1, 1987·Arthritis and Rheumatism·M Dougados, B Amor
Jan 1, 1986·Behaviour Research and Therapy·H M Maddever, K S Calhoun
Feb 1, 1985·Arthritis and Rheumatism·G Husby, R C Williams

❮ Previous
Next ❯

Citations

Sep 1, 1991·Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine·R E ElmslieG K Ogilvie
Feb 9, 2012·Journal of Visualized Experiments : JoVE·Joshua A BrandLi Zeng

❮ Previous
Next ❯

Related Concepts

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Blastomycosis

Blastomycosis fungal infections spread through inhaling Blastomyces dermatitidis spores. Discover the latest research on blastomycosis fungal infections here.

Nuclear Pore Complex in ALS/FTD

Alterations in nucleocytoplasmic transport, controlled by the nuclear pore complex, may be involved in the pathomechanism underlying multiple neurodegenerative diseases including Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Dementia. Here is the latest research on the nuclear pore complex in ALS and FTD.

Applications of Molecular Barcoding

The concept of molecular barcoding is that each original DNA or RNA molecule is attached to a unique sequence barcode. Sequence reads having different barcodes represent different original molecules, while sequence reads having the same barcode are results of PCR duplication from one original molecule. Discover the latest research on molecular barcoding here.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Evolution of Pluripotency

Pluripotency refers to the ability of a cell to develop into three primary germ cell layers of the embryo. This feed focuses on the mechanisms that underlie the evolution of pluripotency. Here is the latest research.

Position Effect Variegation

Position Effect Variagation occurs when a gene is inactivated due to its positioning near heterochromatic regions within a chromosome. Discover the latest research on Position Effect Variagation here.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

Microbicide

Microbicides are products that can be applied to vaginal or rectal mucosal surfaces with the goal of preventing, or at least significantly reducing, the transmission of sexually transmitted infections. Here is the latest research on microbicides.