PMID: 39171May 25, 1979

Cytoplasmic gel and water relations of axon

The Journal of Membrane Biology


A previous method of measuring the swelling pressure (delta IIg) of the cytoplasmic gel of the giant axon of Loligo vulgaris was refined. The estimates of delta IIg made with the improved method were consistent with those made with the earlier method. In these methods the activity of the solvent in the gel is measured by increasing the activity of the solvent in the internal phase of the gel by application of hydrostatic pressure to the gel directly. Comparable values for the activity of the solvent in the gel were obtained also by an alternate method, in which the deswelling of the gel is measured upon decreasing the activity of the solvent in the external phase by addition of a nonpenetrating high mol wt polymer (i.e., Ficoll). Additional support was obtained for the earlier suggestion that delta IIg contributes to the swelling and shrinkage pattern of the whole axon. In part, the new evidence involved two consecutive direct measurements of intraxonal pressure. The first measurement was that of a mixed pressure composed of delta IIg and delta IIm (delta IIm being the effective osmotic pressure due to the intra-extraxonal gradient in the activity of mobile solutes). The subsequent measurement was that of delta IIg alone. The l...Continue Reading


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Related Concepts

Hydrostatic Pressure
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
Osmotic Stress

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