Cytoprotective effects of selenium on cadmium-induced LLC-PK1 cells apoptosis by activating JNK pathway

Toxicology in Vitro : an International Journal Published in Association with BIBRA
Yan LiuYun-Qing Cai

Abstract

Extensive studies have indicated that the apoptosis pathway appears to be associated with intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) production in cadmium-induced nephrotoxicity, however, the precise cellular mechanism remains unclear. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationships between the activation of phosphorylated c-jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) and cadmium-induced apoptosis, and assess the possible cytoprotective mechanism of selenium. Our study clearly revealed cadmium treatment caused apoptosis in LLC-PK1 cells, which was partially suppressed by pretreatment with selenium, an antioxidant nutrient. Further studies found the phosphorylation of JNK kinase increased with exposure to cadmium for 3 h, even remained elevated at 9 h in the time course study, and the activation of phosphorylated JNK was detected in a dose-dependent manner. In addition, a concomitant time-dependent increase in caspase-3 activities was observed by cadmium treatment. During the process, selenium played the same role as N-acetyl-L-cysteine (NAC), a free radical scavenger. Pretreatment of cells with selenium partially suppressed of the phosphorylation of JNK, coupled with caspase-3 activation involved in cadmium-induced apoptosis. In ...Continue Reading

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