Jan 28, 2010

Cytotoxic drug residues in urine of dogs receiving anticancer chemotherapy

Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
A KnoblochD Simon


The presence of cytotoxic drug residues in urine of dogs may represent an exposure risk for pet owners and other people as well as a potential environmental contaminant. However, studies on cytotoxic drug residues in excretions of clinical patients are lacking in veterinary oncology. Variable concentrations of cytotoxic residues are present in urine samples, depending on sampling time and substance. Client-owned dogs with lymphoma or mast cell tumors treated with standard chemotherapy protocols. Urine samples were collected before, directly after, and on days after administration of chemotherapy. Measurement of vincristine, vinblastine, cyclophosphamide, and doxorubicin residues in canine urine was performed by a quantitative liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (LC/MS/MS) method. Median cyclophosphamide residue concentration was 398.2 microg/L directly after treatment (d0) and was below the level of detection on days 1-3 (d1, d2, d3). Median vincristine residue concentration was 53.8 microg/L directly after treatment and was 20.2, 11.4, and 6.6 microg/L on days 1, 2, and 3. Median vinblastine residues were 144.9 (d0), 70.8 (d1), 35.6 (d2), and 18.7 microg/L (d3) with low concentrations detectable for 7 days after tre...Continue Reading

  • References40
  • Citations7


  • References40
  • Citations7


Mentioned in this Paper

Dog Diseases
Antineoplastic Agents
Mast Cell Neoplasm

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