PMID: 11578Nov 1, 1976

Cytotoxicity in graft-versus-host reaction. II. Lysis of target cells of parental genotyppe by F1 hybrid macrophages

K Y Fung, E Sabbadini


Graft-versus-host (GVH) reactions were induced in adult F1 hybrid mice with the i.p. injection of parental strain spleen cells. Peritoneal exudate and spleen cells of the F1 hybrids taken 8 days after the induction of GVH reaction had a nonspecific in vitro cytotoxic effect which was measured by using 51Cr-labeled target cells of parental genotype. The cytotoxic cells in the peritoneal exudates were shown to be macrophages which adhered to plastic surfaces and were sensitive to the toxic action of crystalline silica particles. Moreover, the injection of partially purified syngeneic macrophages into the F1 hybrids undergoing GVH reactions increased the cytotoxic activity of the peritoneal exudate cells obtained from these animals. These results suggest that during GVH reaction host macrophages are activated into a state of nonspecific cytotoxicity.

Related Concepts

Graft-vs-Host Disease
Hybridization, Intraspecies
Graft Vs Host Reaction
Dose-Response Relationship, Immunologic
Mice, Inbred DBA
Mice, Inbred C3H
Cell Adhesion
Mice, Inbred A

Related Feeds

Blood And Marrow Transplantation

The use of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation or blood and marrow transplantation (bmt) is on the increase worldwide. BMT is used to replace damaged or destroyed bone marrow with healthy bone marrow stem cells. Here is the latest research on bone and marrow transplantation.

Adhesion Molecules in Health and Disease

Cell adhesion molecules are a subset of cell adhesion proteins located on the cell surface involved in binding with other cells or with the extracellular matrix in the process called cell adhesion. In essence, cell adhesion molecules help cells stick to each other and to their surroundings. Cell adhesion is a crucial component in maintaining tissue structure and function. Discover the latest research on adhesion molecule and their role in health and disease here.