PMID: 7089487Mar 1, 1982Paper

Cytotoxicity of tumour-bearer serum to D23 hepatoma cells derived from solid tumours, ascites or in vitro cultures

Scandinavian Journal of Immunology
P LandoP Perlmann

Abstract

The complement-dependent cytotoxicity of antibodies in tumour-bearer serum (TBS) from rats carrying the chemically induced D23 hepatoma was investigated. Target cells were D23 cells from solid tumours (D23sol), from ascites tumours (D23asc), or from in vitro growing cell cultures (D23cc). The D23asc and D23cc cells were not lysed when used as target cells in the assay, although they evoke cytotoxic antibodies when growing in vivo. The D23 ascites cells became susceptible to complement-dependent lysis after trypsin treatment. This was, however, not due to unmasking of target antigens, since untreated D23 ascites cells absorbed cytotoxic antibodies as efficiently as trypsinized cells. No increase in susceptibility to complement-dependent lysis was observed after trypsin treatment of D23cc cells. Absorption of cytotoxic antibodies with D23cc cells showed no or very low antigen expression on the surface of these cells. They did, however, contain the antigen(s), since 3 M KCl extracts of the D23cc cells could inhibit the complement-dependent cytotoxicity of D23sol TBS against D23sol cells. From these data it was concluded that the susceptibility of hepatoma cells for antibody-mediated complement lysis is not only correlated with ant...Continue Reading

References

Mar 15, 1975·International Journal of Cancer. Journal International Du Cancer·C H EvansA M Cooney
Jul 1, 1975·British Journal of Cancer·R A Robins
Jul 1, 1977·Journal of the National Cancer Institute·M I ColnaghiS Miotti
Dec 1, 1978·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·P J LeibsonD A Rowley
Jun 1, 1973·Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine·J H KerseyS A Aaronson

Related Concepts

Tumor Antibodies
Tumor Antigens
Surface Antigens
Ascites
Hemolytic Complement
Immunologic Tumoricidal Activities
Hepatoma, Novikoff
August Rats
Trypure

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Evolution of Pluripotency

Pluripotency refers to the ability of a cell to develop into three primary germ cell layers of the embryo. This feed focuses on the mechanisms that underlie the evolution of pluripotency. Here is the latest research.

Lipidomics & Rhinovirus Infection

Lipidomics can be used to examine the lipid species involved with pathogenic conditions, such as viral associated inflammation. Discovered the latest research on Lipidomics & Rhinovirus Infection.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within the membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease in genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research on Alzheimer's disease and MS4A.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Torsion Dystonia

Torsion dystonia is a movement disorder characterized by loss of control of voluntary movements appearing as sustained muscle contractions and/or abnormal postures. Here is the latest research.

Generating Insulin-Secreting Cells

Reprogramming cells or using induced pluripotent stem cells to generate insulin-secreting cells has significant therapeutic implications for diabetics. Here is the latest research on generation of insulin-secreting cells.

Central Pontine Myelinolysis

Central Pontine Myelinolysis is a neurologic disorder caused most frequently by rapid correction of hyponatremia and is characterized by demyelination that affects the central portion of the base of the pons. Here is the latest research on this disease.

Epigenome Editing

Epigenome editing is the directed modification of epigenetic marks on chromatin at specified loci. This tool has many applications in research as well as in the clinic. Find the latest research on epigenome editing here.