D-dopa is unidirectionally converted to L-dopa by D-amino acid oxidase, followed by dopa transaminase

Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology & Physiology
Mei WuYong-Xiang Wang


1. Many studies have shown that administration of d-3, 4-dihydroxyphenylalanine (D-dopa) produces contralateral rotation in hemi-parkinsonian animals comparable to L-dopa, with less potency and slower onset. It was postulated that D-dopa was converted to L-dopa to produce these effects. 2. To investigate the postulated chiral inversion of D-dopa to L-dopa and the related mechanism, an enantiomeric separation method for D- and L-dopa using HPLC was first established. Then, rat kidney homogenates containing D-dopa or L-dopa were incubated and subjected to HPLC to detect traces of respective enantiomer generation. The mechanism of the chiral inversion of d-dopa was explored by direct measurement of the production of L-dopa in kidney homogenates. D-dopa incubations containing different concentrations of an inhibitor of D-amino acid oxidase (DAAO) and an inhibitor of dopa transaminase were measured for L-dopa generation using HPLC. The role of DAAO in the chiral inversion of D-dopa to L-dopa was further investigated by using purified DAAO and mutant ddY/DAAO- mouse kidney lacking DAAO activity. 3. In rat kidney homogenate, D-dopa was, indeed, converted to L-dopa, whereas L-dopa was not converted to D-dopa. Sodium benzoate, a selecti...Continue Reading


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