Apr 13, 2020

Intragenic conflict in phylogenomic datasets

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Stephen A SmithJ. Walker

Abstract

Most phylogenetic analyses assume that a single evolutionary history underlies one gene. However, both biological processes and errors in dataset assembly can violate this assumption causing intragenic conflict. The extent to which this conflict is present in empirical datasets is not well documented. However, if common, it would have far-reaching implications for phylogenetic analyses. Here, we examined several large phylogenomic datasets from diverse taxa using a fast and simple method to identify well supported intragenic conflict. We found conflict to be highly variable between datasets, from 1% to more than 92% of genes investigated. To better characterize patterns of conflict, we analyzed four genes with no obvious data assembly errors in more detail. Analyses on simulated data highlighted that alignment error may be one major source of conflict. Whether as part of data analysis pipelines or in order to explore potential biologically compelling intragenic processes, analyses of within gene signal should become common. The method presented here provides a relatively fast means for identifying conflicts that is agnostic to the generating process. Datasets identified with high intragenic conflict may either have significant ...Continue Reading

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