Dec 18, 2013

De novo ACTG2 mutations cause congenital distended bladder, microcolon, and intestinal hypoperistalsis

Human Genetics
Willa ThorsonMustafa Tekin

Abstract

Megacystis-microcolon-intestinal hypoperistalsis syndrome (MMIHS) is characterized by prenatal-onset distended urinary bladder with functional intestinal obstruction, requiring extensive surgical intervention for survival. While it is believed to be an autosomal recessive disorder, most cases are sporadic. Through whole-exome sequencing in a child with MMIHS, we identified a de novo mutation, p.R178L, in the gene encoding the smooth muscle gamma-2 actin, ACTG2. We subsequently detected another de novo ACTG2 mutation, p.R178C, in an additional child with MMIHS. Actg2 transcripts were primarily found in murine urinary bladder and intestinal tissues. Structural analysis and functional experiments suggested that both ACTG2 mutants interfere with proper polymerization of ACTG2 into thin filaments, leading to impaired contractility of the smooth muscle. In conclusion, our study suggests a pathogenic mechanism for MMIHS by identifying causative ACTG2 mutations.

Mentioned in this Paper

Actg2
Taenia Coli
Pathogenic Organism
Actins
Murine
Urinary Bladder Diseases
N-Actin
Smooth Muscle
Bladder Tissue
Megacystis Microcolon Intestinal Hypoperistalsis Syndrome

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