De novo clustering of long-read transcriptome data using a greedy, quality-value based algorithm

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Kristoffer Sahlin, Paul Medvedev

Abstract

Long-read sequencing of transcripts with PacBio Iso-Seq and Oxford Nanopore Technologies has proven to be central to the study of complex isoform landscapes in many organisms. However, current de novo transcript reconstruction algorithms from long-read data are limited, leaving the potential of these technologies unfulfilled. A common bottleneck is the dearth of scalable and accurate algorithms for clustering long reads according to their gene family of origin. To address this challenge, we develop isONclust, a clustering algorithm that is greedy (in order to scale) and makes use of quality values (in order to handle variable error rates). We test isONclust on three simulated and five biological datasets, across a breadth of organisms, technologies, and read depths. Our results demonstrate that isONclust is a substantial improvement over previous approaches, both in terms of overall accuracy and/or scalability to large datasets. Our tool is available at https://github.com/ksahlin/isONclust.

Related Concepts

Genes
Reconstructive Surgical Procedures
Protein Isoforms
Landscapes
Bnk protein, Drosophila
Genome Sequencing
Seq protein, Drosophila
Transcript
Study
Transcriptome

Related Feeds

BioRxiv & MedRxiv Preprints

BioRxiv and MedRxiv are the preprint servers for biology and health sciences respectively, operated by Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory. Here are the latest preprint articles (which are not peer-reviewed) from BioRxiv and MedRxiv.