De novo FZR1 loss-of-function variants cause developmental and epileptic encephalopathies including Myoclonic Atonic Epilepsy

MedRxiv : the Preprint Server for Health Sciences
S. N. ManivannanH. J. Bellen


FZR1, which encodes the Cdh1 subunit of the Anaphase Promoting Complex, plays an important role in neurodevelopment, both through the control of the cell cycle and through its multiple functions in post-mitotic neurons. In this study, the evaluation of 250 unrelated patients with developmental epileptic encephalopathies (DEE) and a connection on GeneMatcher led to the identification of three de novo missense variants in FZR1. Two variants led to the same amino acid change. All individuals had a DEE with childhood-onset generalized epilepsy, intellectual disability, mild ataxia, and normal head circumference. Two individuals were diagnosed with the DEE subtype Myoclonic Atonic Epilepsy (MAE). We provide gene burden testing using two independent statistical tests to support FZR1 association with DEE. Further, we provide functional evidence that the missense variants are loss-of-function (LOF) alleles using Drosophila neurodevelopment assays. Using three fly mutant alleles of the Drosophila homolog fzr and overexpression studies, we show that patient variants do not support proper neurodevelopment. Along with a recent report of a patient with neonatal-onset DEE with microcephaly who also carries a de novo FZR1 missense variant, ou...Continue Reading

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