Aug 4, 2018

Deciphering the functions of the outer membrane porin OprBXo involved in virulence, motility, exopolysaccharide production, biofilm formation and stress tolerance in Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae

Molecular Plant Pathology
Nahee BaeSang-Wook Han

Abstract

Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae (Xoo) is a Gram-negative bacterium causing bacterial leaf blight disease in rice. Previously, proteomic analysis has shown that the outer membrane protein B in Xoo (OprBXo) is more abundant in the wildtype strain than is the outer membrane protein 1 in the Xoo (Omp1X) knockout mutant. OprBXo shows high homology with OprB, which has been well characterized as a carbohydrate-selective porin in X. citri ssp. citri and Pseudomonas species. However, the functions of OprBXo in Xoo have not yet been documented. To elucidate the functions of OprBXo, we generated the OprBXo-overexpressing mutant, Xoo(OprBXo), and the knockout mutant, XooΔoprBXo(EV). We found that the virulence and migration of Xoo(OprBXo), but not XooΔoprBXo(EV), were markedly reduced in rice. To postulate the mechanisms affected by OprBXo, comparative proteomic analysis was performed. Based on the results of proteomics, we employed diverse phenotypic assays to characterize the functions of OprBXo. Abnormal twitching motility and reduction in swarming motility were observed in Xoo(OprBXo). Moreover, Xoo(OprBXo) decreased, but XooΔoprBXo(EV) enhanced, exopolysaccharide production and biofilm formation. The chemotactic ability of XooΔoprBXo(E...Continue Reading

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  • Citations1

Citations

Mentioned in this Paper

Xanthomonas oryzae
Bacterial Proteins
Hydrogen Peroxide
Pathogenicity
Outer Membrane
Cell Motility
Perhydrol
Knock-out
Xanthomonas citri
Xanthomonas albilineans

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