Feb 15, 2018

Decision Making Strategy and the Simultaneous Processing of Syntactic Dependencies in Language and Music

Frontiers in Psychology
M Paula Roncaglia-DenissenHenkjan Honing

Abstract

Despite differences in their function and domain-specific elements, syntactic processing in music and language is believed to share cognitive resources. This study aims to investigate whether the simultaneous processing of language and music share the use of a common syntactic processor or more general attentional resources. To investigate this matter we tested musicians and non-musicians using visually presented sentences and aurally presented melodies containing syntactic local and long-distance dependencies. Accuracy rates and reaction times of participants' responses were collected. In both sentences and melodies, unexpected syntactic anomalies were introduced. This is the first study to address the processing of local and long-distance dependencies in language and music combined while reducing the effect of sensory memory. Participants were instructed to focus on language (language session), music (music session), or both (dual session). In the language session, musicians and non-musicians performed comparably in terms of accuracy rates and reaction times. As expected, groups' differences appeared in the music session, with musicians being more accurate in their responses than non-musicians and only the latter showing an i...Continue Reading

  • References38
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References

  • References38
  • Citations1

Citations

Mentioned in this Paper

Study
Decision Making
Musicians
Participant
Aphasia, Syntactical
Pharmacologic Substance
Musician wren
Local
Physiological Aspects
Response (Communication)

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