Aug 20, 2018

Decomposing cell identity for transfer learning across cellular measurements, platforms, tissues, and species.

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Genevieve L Stein-O'BrienElana J. Fertig


New approaches are urgently needed to glean biological insights from the vast amounts of single cell RNA sequencing (scRNA-Seq) data now being generated. To this end, we propose that cell identity should map to a reduced set of factors which will describe both exclusive and shared biology of individual cells, and that the dimensions which contain these factors reflect biologically meaningful relationships across different platforms, tissues and species. To find a robust set of dependent factors in large-scale scRNA-Seq data, we developed a Bayesian non-negative matrix factorization (NMF) algorithm, scCoGAPS. Application of scCoGAPS to scRNA-Seq data obtained over the course of mouse retinal development identified gene expression signatures for factors associated with specific cell types and continuous biological processes. To test whether these signatures are shared across diverse cellular contexts, we developed projectR to map biologically disparate datasets into the factors learned by scCoGAPS. Because projecting these dimensions preserve relative distances between samples, biologically meaningful relationships/factors will stratify new data consistent with their underlying processes, allowing labels or information from one d...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Non-negative Matrix Factorization
Pituitary Herring Body
Sequence Determinations, RNA
Cell Engineering
Anatomical Space Structure
Gene Expression
RNA, Small Cytoplasmic

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