Decorin and chondroitin-6 sulfate inhibit B16V melanoma cell migration and invasion by cellular acidification

Journal of Cellular Physiology
Christian StockDaniela G Seidler

Abstract

In vivo, cells are embedded in an environment generated and maintained by multiple cell-cell and cell-matrix interactions. While transiting the dermis metastasizing melanoma cells interact with the extracellular matrix (ECM) and fibroblasts. To study the roles of ECM components and fibroblasts in melanoma (B16V) cell migration and invasion, we established a co-culture system consisting of fibroblasts, their collagen-rich matrix and B16V cells. The crosstalk between B16V cells and fibroblasts was indicated by a clear increase in release and activity of matrix-metallo-protease-2. Time-lapse microscopy revealed that in B16V cells exposed to either decorin or chondroitin sulfates migration and invasion decreased by more than 50%. Decorin led to a reversible, chondroitin-6-sulfate to an irreversible, cytosolic acidification of B16V cells. Interestingly, decorin lowered NHE1 activity whereas chondroitin-6-sulfate did not. Furthermore, decorin and chondroitin-6-sulfate also acidified the pH at the cell surface which might prevent migration due to strong adhesion. In conclusion, the present co-culture system is an appropriate tool to analyze migration, invasion, and MMP release depending on cell-matrix interactions and the crosstalk be...Continue Reading

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