Feb 1, 1987

Decreased pulmonary vascular responsiveness in rats raised on an essential fatty acid deficient diet

M L MorganrothN F Voelkel


Leukotriene C4 is produced during hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction and leukotriene inhibitors preferentially inhibit the hypoxic pressor response in rats. If lipoxygenase products are important in hypoxic vasoconstriction, then an animal deficient in arachidonic acid should have a blunted hypoxic pressor response. We investigated if vascular responsiveness was decreased in vascular rings and isolated perfused lungs from rats raised on an essential fatty acid deficient diet (EFAD) compared to rats raised on a normal diet. Rats raised on the EFAD diet had decreased esterified plasma arachidonic acid and increased 5-, 8-, 11-eicosatrienoic acid compared to rats raised on the normal diet (control). Compared to the time matched responses in control isolated perfused lungs the pressor responses to angiotensin II and alveolar hypoxia were blunted in lungs from the arachidonate deficient rats. This decreased pulmonary vascular responsiveness was not affected by the addition of indomethacin or arachidonic acid to the lung perfusate. Similarly, the pulmonary artery rings from arachidonate deficient rats demonstrated decreased reactivity to norepinephrine compared to rings from control rats. In contrast, the tension increases to norepin...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Leukotriene C4
Pathologic Vasoconstriction
Arachidonic Acid
Blood Vessel
August Rats
Animal Diseases
Pulmonary Artery Structure

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