Decreased serum levels of acid-labile subunit in patients with anorexia nervosa

The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
I FukudaH Demura


One of the observations in malnutrition is that serum insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-I levels are decreased, and this decrease is associated with an altered profile of IGF binding proteins (IGFBPs). In human circulation, IGFs are mostly present as an approximately 150-kDa ternary protein complex consisting of IGFs, IGFBP-3, and acid-labile subunit (ALS). In the present study, to clarify the effect of nutrition on serum ALS levels, we investigated 33 patients with anorexia nervosa. Serum levels of ALS were measured by RIA. Furthermore, we measured serum IGF-I, IGF-II, IGFBP-2, and IGFBP-3 levels in the patients. From these data, we investigated which was the best predictor of body mass index (BMI) as a nutritional status marker. In the patients with anorexia nervosa, the serum ALS levels ranged from 0.7-16.9, with a mean of 10.6 +/- 0.7 mg/L, and the levels were significantly lower than those of normal subjects (13.8 +/- 0.8 mg/L, P < 0.05). Serum ALS levels positively correlated with BMI (r = 0.41, P < 0.05), and the levels increased during treatment. The serum IGFBP-2 levels in the patients were increased (871 +/- 91 microg/L), and the levels inversely correlated with BMI (r = -0.52, P < 0.01). The serum IGF-I and IGFBP-3 le...Continue Reading


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May 4, 2011·Molecular Nutrition & Food Research·Kazuo Kobayashi-HattoriJames J Pestka

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