Apr 25, 2009

Decreasing concentration of interstitial glucose in REM sleep in subjects with normal glucose tolerance

Diabetic Medicine : a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
Piotr BialasiewiczLeszek Czupryniak

Abstract

Sleep is divided into two major stages, non-rapid eye movement (NREM) and rapid eye movement (REM), which are distinct in various neuroendocrine respects. NREM/REM cycles influence insulin and glucagon secretion; however, glucose concentrations in REM compared with NREM have not been directly explored. The aim was to investigate the differences in glucose concentrations in interstitial fluid (IGC) between NREM/REM cycles using a continuous glucose monitoring system (CGMS). Thirteen subjects were eligible for analysis out of the 28 enrolled. All underwent standard polysomnography for the assessment of sleep stages and the exclusion of sleep apnoea syndrome with CGMS and subsequent morning oral glucose tolerance test (exclusion of glucose intolerance or diabetes). The IGC in REM fell in 12 out of the 13 subjects, whereas the IGC in NREM increased in eight out of the 13 subjects. Therefore, the mean change of IGC differed in direction between sleep stages: -0.028 (-0.045 to -0.011) for REM vs. 0.005 (-0.012 to 0.017) for NREM [median (QR), P = 0.007, n = 13], with the mean difference of 0.038 mmol/l x 5 min(-1) (95% confidence interval 0.012, 0.064). The mean glucose concentration in REM sleep was lower than in NREM: 4.29 +/- 1.00...Continue Reading

  • References19
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Mentioned in this Paper

Oral Glucose Tolerance Test
Neuroendocrine Tumors
Sleep, Slow-Wave
Brain
Interstitial
Neurosecretory Systems
Sleep Disorders
Glucagon Secretion
Sleep Stages
Impaired Glucose Tolerance

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