Oct 31, 2018

Dedicated acetic acid preference coded by broad spectrum ionotropic receptors in a moth species

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Rui TangChen-Zhu Wang

Abstract

Acetic acid as one of the food related odorant cues attracts many insect species. In the moth Mythimna separata, the olfaction of acid was coded via multiple pathways including 3 sensilla types on the antennae and 3 glomeruli in the antennal lobes. Among, suitable dosages of acetic acid exclusively activated DC3 glomerulus that receives integrated projections across sensilla types, which drives attractiveness and feeding attempts of the moth. This circuit encodes broad spectrum ionotropic receptors 8a, 75q1 and 75q2 which were sufficient to confer acid responsiveness in Xenopus oocytes. Ir75q2 was expressed in vivo with Ir75q1 and it enhanced sensitivity of the receptor functional group toward acids. Furthermore, Ir75q1 and Ir75q2 are both necessary for the moth to conduct acetic acid induced reactions of sensilla, DC3 glomerulus as well as attractiveness. Together, it reveals that an indispensable tetramer IR-based unit is employed to fulfill acetic acid specialized preference under suitable dosages through balancing of transcription and peripheral coding. Understanding of the Ir75q1/2 olfactory pathway provides insights into investigations on acid sensory process in insects.

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Mentioned in this Paper

In Vivo
Biochemical Pathway
Projections and Predictions
Xenopus Oocyte
Transcription, Genetic
Moths
Food
Smell Perception
Entire Olfactory Pathway
Equilibrium

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