DOI: 10.1101/503011Dec 21, 2018Paper

Deep evolutionary origin of limb and fin regeneration

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Sylvain DarnetIgor Schneider

Abstract

Salamanders and lungfishes are the only sarcopterygians (lobe-finned vertebrates) capable of complete limb and paired fin regeneration, respectively. Among actinopterygians (ray-finned fishes), regeneration after amputation at the fin endoskeleton has only been demonstrated in Polypterid fishes (Cladistia). Whether complete appendage regeneration in sarcopterygians and actinopterygians evolved independently or has a common origin remains unknown. Here we combine fin regeneration assays and comparative RNA-seq analysis to provide support for a common origin of a paired appendage regeneration in osteichthyes (bony vertebrates). We show that, in addition to Polypterids, regeneration after fin endoskeleton amputation occurs in extant representatives of all major actinopterygian clades: the American paddlefish, (Chondrostei), the spotted gar (Holostei), as well as in two cichlid species, the white convict and the oscar (Teleostei). Our comparative RNA-seq analysis of regenerating blastemas of axolotl and Polypterus reveals the activation of common genetic pathways and expression profiles, consistent with a pan-osteichthyes genetic program of appendage regeneration. Collectively, our findings support a deep evolutionary origin of pai...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Ambystoma mexicanum
Amputation
Cichlids
Biological Evolution
Limb Structure
Pan American Health Organization
Natural Regeneration
Vertebrates
Zebrafish
Salamanders

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