Deep roots of the Messinian salinity crisis

Nature
Svend DuggenJason Phipps Morgan

Abstract

The Messinian salinity crisis--the desiccation of the Mediterranean Sea between 5.96 and 5.33 million years (Myr) ago--was one of the most dramatic events on Earth during the Cenozoic era. It resulted from the closure of marine gateways between the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea, the causes of which remain enigmatic. Here we use the age and composition of volcanic rocks to reconstruct the geodynamic evolution of the westernmost Mediterranean from the Middle Miocene epoch to the Pleistocene epoch (about 12.1-0.65 Myr ago). Our data show that a marked shift in the geochemistry of mantle-derived volcanic rocks, reflecting a change from subduction-related to intraplate-type volcanism, occurred between 6.3 and 4.8 Myr ago, largely synchronous with the Messinian salinity crisis. Using a thermomechanical model, we show that westward roll back of subducted Tethys oceanic lithosphere and associated asthenospheric upwelling provides a plausible mechanism for producing the shift in magma chemistry and the necessary uplift (approximately 1 km) along the African and Iberian continental margins to close the Miocene marine gateways, thereby causing the Messinian salinity crisis.

References

Citations

Jun 27, 2008·Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences·Hans Peter ComesC Bittkau
Apr 19, 2007·Frontiers in Zoology·Thomas Schmitt
Apr 25, 2012·PloS One·Bram VanschoenwinkelLuc Brendonck
Jul 4, 2012·International Journal of Molecular Sciences·Angela Rubio-MoragaOussama Ahrazem
May 4, 2006·The American Naturalist·Katrin Böhning-GaeseMichael Veith
Jan 22, 2015·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·David BercoviciYanick Ricard
Oct 9, 2012·Zoology : Analysis of Complex Systems, ZACS·X SantosJ M Pleguezuelos
Mar 12, 2010·Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution·R Casimiro-SoriguerSalvador Talavera
Dec 23, 2004·Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution·Benjamin Gantenbein, Peter D Keightley
Nov 3, 2005·Molecular Ecology·Vera S DominguesGiacomo Bernardi
Nov 21, 2012·Journal of Evolutionary Biology·C D BellD E Soltis
Nov 8, 2013·Ecology and Evolution·Rafael Molina-VenegasJuan Arroyo
Nov 16, 2010·Molecular Ecology·J P Jaramillo-CorreaSantiago C González-Martínez
Oct 2, 2015·Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution·Olivier ChassaingPatrick Berrebi
Jun 14, 2012·TheScientificWorldJournal·Sérgio P ÁvilaAntónio M de Frias Martins
Aug 8, 2015·Proceedings. Biological Sciences·Rafael Molina-VenegasJuan Arroyo
Aug 26, 2011·Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution·M TalaveraS Talavera
Dec 1, 2011·Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution·Patrik MrázHeinz Müller-Schärer
Oct 23, 2015·Proceedings. Biological Sciences·Mathias M PiresTiago B Quental
Sep 16, 2016·Scientific Reports·Alex Garcia-CisnerosRocío Pérez-Portela
Nov 21, 2017·Science Advances·Ricardo F Sánchez-LealJosé Carlos Sánchez-Garrido
Dec 16, 2011·Nature·Daniel Garcia-Castellanos, A Villaseñor
Dec 17, 2009·Nature·Daniel Garcia-CastellanosR De Vicente
Oct 31, 2017·Nature Geoscience·Pietro SternaiSébastien Castelltort
Sep 4, 2019·Nature Communications·Eulàlia GràciaCésar R Ranero
Mar 9, 2019·Scientific Reports·Walter CapellaWout Krijgsman
Oct 13, 2017·Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society·Zhonge Hou, Shuqiang Li
Jan 21, 2017·BMC Evolutionary Biology·V RodríguezM M Ramon
Aug 31, 2018·Scientific Reports·Guillermo Booth-ReaIngo Grevemeyer
Mar 30, 2021·Frontiers in Plant Science·Enrique MaguillaJuan Arroyo
Apr 3, 2021·Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution·Daniele SalviD James Harris

Related Concepts

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within the membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease in genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research on Alzheimer's disease and MS4A.

Pediculosis pubis

Pediculosis pubis is a disease caused by a parasitic insect known as Pthirus pubis, which infests human pubic hair, as well as other areas with hair including eye lashes. Here is the latest research.

Rh Isoimmunization

Rh isoimmunization is a potentially preventable condition that occasionally is associated with significant perinatal morbidity or mortality. Discover the latest research on Rh Isoimmunization here.

Genetic Screens in iPSC-derived Brain Cells

Genetic screening is a critical tool that can be employed to define and understand gene function and interaction. This feed focuses on genetic screens conducted using induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC)-derived brain cells. It also follows CRISPR-Cas9 approaches to generating genetic mutants as a means of understanding the effect of genetics on phenotype.

Enzyme Evolution

This feed focuses on molecular models of enzyme evolution and new approaches (such as adaptive laboratory evolution) to metabolic engineering of microorganisms. Here is the latest research.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Pharmacology of Proteinopathies

This feed focuses on the pharmacology of proteinopathies - diseases in which proteins abnormally aggregate (i.e. Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s, etc.). Discover the latest research in this field with this feed.

Alignment-free Sequence Analysis Tools

Alignment-free sequence analyses have been applied to problems ranging from whole-genome phylogeny to the classification of protein families, identification of horizontally transferred genes, and detection of recombined sequences. Here is the latest research.