Aug 6, 2017

Deep sequencing of RSV from an adult challenge study and from naturally infected infants reveals heterogeneous diversification dynamics

Virology
Jessica W LauYonatan H Grad

Abstract

As RNA virus mutation occurs during replication within host cells, we hypothesized that viral evolution during acute infections in healthy hosts reflects host immune pressure. We therefore investigated the within-host diversification of human respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), a highly prevalent cause of acute respiratory infections. We evaluated healthy adults experimentally infected with an identical inoculum and infants hospitalized with naturally acquired infections. In aggregate, viral diversification in adults peaked at day 3, with overrepresentation of diversity in the matrix protein 2 (M2) and non-structural protein 2 (NS2) genes. In one subject, delayed viral clearance was accompanied by a late peak of diversity at day 10 in known and predicted B and T cell epitopes. In contrast, infant infections showed much less viral diversity. Our findings suggest multiple overlapping mechanisms for early control of acute viral infections, which may differ between age groups and host immune responses.

  • References
  • Citations3

References

  • We're still populating references for this paper, please check back later.

Mentioned in this Paper

Respiratory Syncytial Virus Infections
Study
Immune Response
T-Lymphocyte
Hospital Diversification
Virus Diseases
Genes
RNA Viruses
Acute Respiratory Infections
Viral Proteins

Related Feeds

Allergy & Infectious Diseases

Allergies result from the hyperreactivity of the immune system to some environmental substance and can be life-threatening. Infectious diseases are caused by organisms including bacteria, viruses, fungi and parasites. They can be transmitted different ways, such as person-to-person. Here is the latest research on allergy and infectious diseases.

Allergy & Infectious Diseases (ASM)

Allergies result from the hyperreactivity of the immune system to some environmental substance and can be life-threatening. Infectious diseases are caused by organisms including bacteria, viruses, fungi and parasites. They can be transmitted different ways, such as person-to-person. Here is the latest research on allergy and infectious diseases.