Feb 23, 2017

DeepNAT: Deep convolutional neural network for segmenting neuroanatomy

NeuroImage
Christian WachingerTassilo Klein

Abstract

We introduce DeepNAT, a 3D Deep convolutional neural network for the automatic segmentation of NeuroAnaTomy in T1-weighted magnetic resonance images. DeepNAT is an end-to-end learning-based approach to brain segmentation that jointly learns an abstract feature representation and a multi-class classification. We propose a 3D patch-based approach, where we do not only predict the center voxel of the patch but also neighbors, which is formulated as multi-task learning. To address a class imbalance problem, we arrange two networks hierarchically, where the first one separates foreground from background, and the second one identifies 25 brain structures on the foreground. Since patches lack spatial context, we augment them with coordinates. To this end, we introduce a novel intrinsic parameterization of the brain volume, formed by eigenfunctions of the Laplace-Beltrami operator. As network architecture, we use three convolutional layers with pooling, batch normalization, and non-linearities, followed by fully connected layers with dropout. The final segmentation is inferred from the probabilistic output of the network with a 3D fully connected conditional random field, which ensures label agreement between close voxels. The roughly ...Continue Reading

  • References2
  • Citations15

References

Mentioned in this Paper

Health Center
Biological Neural Networks
Biologic Segmentation
Classification
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Three-dimensional
Spatial Distribution
Brain
Neuroanatomy
Reversal Learning

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