Deer, wolves, and people: costs, benefits and challenges of living together.

Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society
Jean-Louis MartinDonald M Waller


Human-driven species annihilations loom as a major crisis. However the recovery of deer and wolf populations in many parts of the northern hemisphere has resulted in conflicts and controversies rather than in relief. Both species interact in complex ways with their environment, each other, and humans. We review these interactions in the context of the ecological and human costs and benefits associated with these species. We integrate scattered information to widen our perspective on the nature and perception of these costs and benefits and how they link to each other and ongoing controversies regarding how we manage deer and wolf populations. After revisiting the ecological roles deer and wolves play in contemporary ecosystems, we explore how they interact, directly and indirectly, with human groups including farmers, foresters, shepherds, and hunters. Interactions with deer and wolves generate various axes of tension, posing both ecological and sociological challenges. Resolving these tensions and conflicts requires that we address key questions using integrative approaches: what are the ecological consequences of deer and wolf recovery? How do they influence each other? What are the social and socio-ecological consequences of...Continue Reading


Nov 1, 1990·Journal of Medical Entomology·M L WilsonA Spielman
Jul 1, 1988·The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene·S R TelfordA Spielman
Jul 1, 1988·Journal of Medical Entomology·M L WilsonA Spielman
Aug 1, 1984·The British Journal of Radiology·H von der Maase
Jan 1, 1993·Journal of Medical Entomology·R D DeblingerA Spielman
Apr 1, 1996·The European Respiratory Journal·N CarrollA James
Dec 10, 1997·Journal of Wildlife Diseases·S M SchmittJ Sikarskie
Dec 5, 1998·Obstetrics and Gynecology·K KrügerM Westgren
Oct 3, 1999·The American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology·S P Avis
Feb 15, 2001·Biochemical Society Transactions·H WhitneyJ A Napier
Apr 20, 2002·European Journal of Clinical Nutrition·L CordainK Hill
Apr 16, 2003·Journal of Medical Entomology·Peter W RandRobert P Smith
May 21, 2004·Nature·T H Clutton-BrockJ M Milner
Aug 25, 2004·Anesthesiology Clinics of North America·Helene LupatkinAndrew D Rosenberg
Sep 25, 2004·Ambio·Jonny Löe, Eivin Röskaft
Dec 1, 1983·New Zealand Veterinary Journal·T G Henderson
Dec 13, 2005·Veterinary Research·Joaquín VicenteChristian Gortazar
May 4, 2006·PLoS Biology·Richard S OstfeldFelicia Keesing
Nov 4, 2006·Science·Martin Enserink, Gretchen Vogel
Jul 10, 2007·PLoS Pathogens·Christopher J JohnsonJudd M Aiken
Mar 1, 2008·Trends in Ecology & Evolution·Scott Creel, David Christianson
Dec 5, 2008·Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound : the Official Journal of the American College of Veterinary Radiology and the International Veterinary Radiology Association·Sérgio Guilherme, Livia Benigni
Nov 11, 2009·Journal of Wildlife Diseases·Alastair I WardRichard J Delahay
Feb 6, 2010·Clinical Microbiology and Infection : the Official Publication of the European Society of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases·G StanekJ Gray
May 14, 2010·Ecology·David Christianson, Scott Creel
Oct 1, 1995·Trends in Ecology & Evolution·D Pauly
Mar 31, 2011·The Behavioral and Brain Sciences·Hugo Mercier, Dan Sperber
Feb 24, 2012·PloS One·Torsten HothornJörg Müller
Oct 9, 2012·Trends in Ecology & Evolution·Steve M RedpathR J Gutiérrez
Jan 9, 2013·Conservation Biology : the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology·Adrian TrevesVictoria Shelley
Sep 21, 2013·Science·Virginia Morell
Jan 11, 2014·Science·William J RippleAaron J Wirsing
Aug 15, 2014·Journal of Medical Entomology·Howard J KilpatrickKirby C Stafford
Nov 13, 2014·Journal of Wildlife Diseases·Arno WünschmannMichelle Carstensen
Nov 21, 2014·Conservation Biology : the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology·S DresselG Ericsson
Dec 20, 2014·Science·Guillaume ChapronLuigi Boitani
Oct 27, 2015·Trends in Ecology & Evolution·Adam T Ford, Jacob R Goheen

❮ Previous
Next ❯


May 15, 2020·Conservation Biology : the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology·Hannes J KönigAdam T Ford
May 26, 2021·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Jennifer L RaynorDominic P Parker

❮ Previous
Next ❯

Related Concepts

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Hereditary Sensory Autonomic Neuropathy

Hereditary Sensory Autonomic Neuropathies are a group of inherited neurodegenerative disorders characterized clinically by loss of sensation and autonomic dysfunction. Here is the latest research on these neuropathies.

Evolution of Pluripotency

Pluripotency refers to the ability of a cell to develop into three primary germ cell layers of the embryo. This feed focuses on the mechanisms that underlie the evolution of pluripotency. Here is the latest research.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Nuclear Pore Complex in ALS/FTD

Alterations in nucleocytoplasmic transport, controlled by the nuclear pore complex, may be involved in the pathomechanism underlying multiple neurodegenerative diseases including Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Dementia. Here is the latest research on the nuclear pore complex in ALS and FTD.

Landau-Kleffner Syndrome

Landau Kleffner syndrome (LKS), also called infantile acquired aphasia, acquired epileptic aphasia, or aphasia with convulsive disorder, is a rare childhood neurological syndrome characterized by the sudden or gradual development of aphasia (the inability to understand or express language) and an abnormal electroencephalogram. Discover the latest research on LKS here.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.


Microbicides are products that can be applied to vaginal or rectal mucosal surfaces with the goal of preventing, or at least significantly reducing, the transmission of sexually transmitted infections. Here is the latest research on microbicides.

Regulation of Vocal-Motor Plasticity

Dopaminergic projections to the basal ganglia and nucleus accumbens shape the learning and plasticity of motivated behaviors across species including the regulation of vocal-motor plasticity and performance in songbirds. Discover the latest research on the regulation of vocal-motor plasticity here.

© 2021 Meta ULC. All rights reserved