PMID: 591063Dec 1, 1977

Defective neutrophil chemotaxis in juvenile periodontitis

Infection and Immunity
R A ClarkG Wilde

Abstract

Neutrophil chemotaxis was evaluated in nine patients with juvenile periodontitis, with normal subjects and patients with the adult form of periodontitis as controls. Defective chemotactic responses were observed in neutrophils from seven of nine juvenile patients, and a reduced level of complement-derived chemotactic activity was demonstrated in serum from four patients. These determinations were normal in all the patients with adult periodontitis. Serum from five of the juvenile patients contained a heat-stable, non-dialyzable factor that markedly inhibited the chemotaxis of normal neutrophils. Thus the characteristic tissue destruction seen in juvenile periodontitis may be, at least in part, a consequence of a failure of host defense mechanisms.

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Related Concepts

Chemotaxis, Leukocyte
Hemolytic Complement
Neutrophil Band Cells
Periodontitis

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