PMID: 36389Jul 10, 1979

Degradation of bis(monoacylglycero)phosphate by an acid phosphodiesterase in rat liver lysosomes

The Journal of Biological Chemistry
Y Matsuzawa, K Y Hostetler

Abstract

Bis(monoacylglycero)phosphate was purified from the livers of chloroquine-treated rats and labeled with tritium by a nonreductive catalytic exchange procedure. The mechanism of its degradation by rat liver lysosomes has been examined. A substantial amount of bis(monoacylglycero)P is degraded to monoglyceride and lysophosphatidic acid by a lysosomal phosphodiesterase having an acid pH optimum. Some bis(monoacylglycero)P is degraded to lysophosphatidylglycerol by lysosomal phospholipase A. In contrast, other phosphoglycerides have been reported to be degraded by sequential deacylation in lysosomes. The initial rate of breakdown of bis(monoacylglycero)P is only 10% of the rate observed for dioleoylphosphatidylcholine. [3H]Lysophosphatidylglycerol conversion to [3H]bis(monoacylglycero)P is stimulated by unlabeled bis(monoacylglycero)P, resulting in a futile cycle which allows the resynthesis of bis(monoacylglycero)P from its breakdown product, lysophosphatidylglycerol. This futile cycle and the unusual sn-1-glycerophospho-sn-1'-glycerol stereoconfiguration of the water-soluble backbone (Joutti, A., Brotherus, J., Renkonen, O., Laine, R., and Fischer, W. (1976) Biochim. Biophys. Acta 450, 206-209) may be important factors in the mar...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
Liver
Lysosomes
Diacylglycerophosphates
Phosphoric diester hydrolase
Phospholipase

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