Degradation of BMS-753493, a novel epothilone folate conjugate anticancer agent

Drug Development and Industrial Pharmacy
Madhushree GokhaleFrank Rinaldi

Abstract

BMS-753493 is a folate-targeted candidate being developed for the treatment of cancer. As part of preformulation efforts, our aim was twofold - to understand the major degradation pathways and, study its kinetics of degradation to aid drug product development. Given the complexity of degradation, BMS-748285, the epothilone moiety of BMS-753493 was used as model compound to evaluate the major degradation pathway viz; macrolactone versus aziridine ring hydrolysis. Hydrolysis of BMS-753493 was studied in the pH range of 1.5-9.4 in 0.05 M buffers at 0.5 ionic strength and 5-40°C. Three major pathways were identified; carbonate ester hydrolysis and hydrolysis of aziridine and macrolactone rings resulting in addition products with identical masses (m/z = 794) in the pH range of 5-7.5. Similarly, two addition products, D1 and D2 (m/z = 555) were also formed on hydrolysis of BMS-748285 under neutral pH conditions. The reaction products from BMS-748285 were isolated and characterized using LC-MS and LC-SPE-NMR (1-D ¹H and 2-D HMBC, heteronuclear single quantum coherence) analyses. LC-NMR analysis indicated an intact aziridine ring and opened macrolactone ring, resulting in D1 and D2, an isomeric hydroxy acid pair resulting from an alkyl...Continue Reading

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Citations

Feb 21, 2014·Nanomedicine·Bingbing WangPhilip S Low
Jul 3, 2015·Therapeutic Advances in Medical Oncology·Ignace Vergote, Christopher P Leamon
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