Delayed first injection of the once-a-month injectable contraceptive containing 25 mg medroxyprogesterone acetate and 5 mg estradiol-cypionate: effects on cervical mucus

C PettaL Bahamondes


The objectives of this study were to assess whether women who were administered the first injection of the once-a-month contraceptive containing estradiol cypionate and 25 mg depot-medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA+E(2)C) on Day 7 of their menstrual cycle (delayed injection) exhibit the same degree of cervical mucus changes as women who receive it on Day 5 of their menstrual cycle. This was a multicenter, randomized, controlled clinical trial. A total of 158 women, aged between 18 and 38 years (inclusive), who, were willing to use MPA+E(2)C as their contraceptive method participated in the trial. Participants received a MPA+E(2)C injection on Day 5 (control group, n = 41) or Day 7 (delayed-injection group, n = 117) of their menstrual cycle. Participants who received MPA+E(2)C on Day 5 of their menstrual cycle (control group) exhibited fair or poor mucus quality and poor sperm penetration. Of those women who received MPA+E(2)C on Day 7 of their menstrual cycle (delayed-injection group), 3 (3%) showed good mucus or good sperm penetration at some time point during follow-up. It is possible to conclude that the first injection of MPA+E(2)C given on Day 7 of a menstrual cycle does not provide the same degree of inhibition of mucus qu...Continue Reading


Jan 1, 1994·Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation·H ManhesJ L Demontmarin

Related Concepts

Palm-Leaf Reaction
Contraceptive Agents, Female
Combined Oral Contraceptives
Depot Preparations
Drug Administration Schedule
Intramuscular Injection

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