Oct 23, 1997

Deletion analysis of the fis promoter region in Escherichia coli: antagonistic effects of integration host factor and Fis

Journal of Bacteriology
Timothy S PrattRobert Osuna

Abstract

Fis is a small DNA-binding and -bending protein in Escherichia coli that is involved in several different biological processes, including stimulation of specialized DNA recombination events and regulation of gene expression. fis protein and mRNA levels rapidly increase during early logarithmic growth phase in response to a nutritional upshift but become virtually undetectable during late logarithmic and stationary phases. We present evidence that the growth phase-dependent fis expression pattern is not determined by changes in mRNA stability, arguing in favor of regulation at the level of transcription. DNA deletion analysis of the fis promoter (fis P) region indicated that DNA sequences from -166 to -81, -36 to -26, and +107 to +366 relative to the transcription start site are required for maximum expression. A DNA sequence resembling the integration host factor (IHF) binding site centered approximately at -114 showed DNase I cleavage protection by IHF. In ihf cells, maximum cellular levels of fis mRNA were decreased more than 3-fold and transcription from fis P on a plasmid was decreased about 3.8-fold compared to those in cells expressing wild-type IHF. In addition, a mutation in the ihf binding site resulted in a 76 and 61%...Continue Reading

  • References
  • Citations

References

  • We're still populating references for this paper, please check back later.
  • References
  • Citations

Citations

  • This paper may not have been cited yet.

Mentioned in this Paper

Gene Expression Regulation, Bacterial
Deoxyribonuclease I
Bacterial Proteins
Alkalescens-Dispar Group
Decompression Sickness
Transcription Initiation Site
Recombination, Genetic
Gene Deletion Abnormality
Cytokinesis of the Fertilized Ovum
Bending - Changing Basic Body Position

About this Paper

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Position Effect Variegation

Position Effect Variagation occurs when a gene is inactivated due to its positioning near heterochromatic regions within a chromosome. Discover the latest research on Position Effect Variagation here.

Head And Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Squamous cell carcinomas account for >90% of all tumors in the head and neck region. Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma incidence has increased dramatically recently with little improvement in patient outcomes. Here is the latest research on this aggressive malignancy.

Signaling in Adult Neurogenesis

Neural stem cells play a critical role in the production of neuronal cells in neurogenesis is of great importance. Of interest is the role signalling mechanisms in adult neurogenesis. Discover the latest research on signalling in adult neurogenesis.

Psychiatric Chronotherapy

Psychiatric Chronotherapy considers the circadian rhythm as a major factor for optimizing therapeutic efficacy of psychiatric interventions. Discover the latest research on Psychiatric Chronotherapy here.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.