Delivery room and early postnatal management of neonates who have prenatally diagnosed congenital heart disease

Clinics in Perinatology
Beth Ann Johnson, Anne Ades

Abstract

Advances in fetal echocardiography are providing highly accurate diagnoses of congenital heart disease prior to delivery, making it possible to plan the delivery-room management of these newborns. Knowledge of the expected transitional circulation occurring with birth and the pathophysiologic implications of congenital heart disease increases the likelihood of providing efficient and effective therapies. The majority of neonates who have congenital heart disease will not require delivery room resuscitation in excess of routine care; however, a small number of prenatally diagnosed cardiac lesions are more likely to require urgent postnatal intervention immediately following delivery. These cardiac lesions include transposition of the great arteries with intact ventricular septum and restrictive atrial septum, hypoplastic left heart syndrome with intact atrial septum, obstructed total anomalous pulmonary venous return, and complete congenital heart block. Prenatal diagnosis allows for coordination of care surrounding delivery and during the early postnatal hours.

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Related Concepts

Delivery Rooms
2D Echocardiography
Fetal Heart
Congenital Heart Defects
Postpartum Programs
Antenatal Screening Procedures
Fetal Ultrasonography

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